Gynecomastia is a medical term that comes from the Greek words for woman-like breasts. It may affect only one breast or both. Though certain drugs and medical problems have been linked with male breast overdevelopment, there is no known cause in the vast majority of cases.
For men who feel conscious about their appearance, breast-reduction surgery can help. The procedure removes fat and or glandular tissue from the breasts and in extreme cases, removes excess skin, resulting in a chest that is flatter, firmer, and better contoured.
Surgery to correct gynecomastia can be performed on healthy, emotionally stable men of any age. The best candidates for surgery have firm, elastic skin that will reshape to body's new contours.
The initial consultation with an expert is very important. A complete medical history such as impaired liver function, use of estrogen-containing medications or anabolic steroids, to look into its cause along with the thorough examination of the breasts is important.
Type of anasthesia - Can be performed under General anesthesia or Local anesthesia with intravenous sedation.
A wide variety of surgical options are available for the treatment of gynecomastia. It depends upon the amount of fatty tissue, ductular component, or excess skin component present in the breast. Treatment modalities include liposuction, liposuction with glandular, and excess skin resection.
In the vast majority of patients, the fat and glandular tissue can be removed by liposuction using specialized cannulas, as a result of which there is a practically minimal scar.
If there is glandular element along with fat, a small incision inside the areola is given to remove the excess glands. Incision once healed is not visible as it is hidden inside the areola.
After your surgery
Postoperative care: An adult should stay with you for at least the first 24 hours after surgery. Rest is necessary.
The patient is up and about immediately after the surgery. Strenuous exercises are to be avoided for two weeks. He is made to wear compressive garments for three weeks or more. The patient can continue normal activities after three to four days.
Swelling takes about a few weeks to subside. However, the redraping of skin depends upon the elasticity of the skin to retract back, which may take a few months, hence the final result is visible in a year.